HONG KONG — For Hong Kong, it's been one thing after another.
A series of anti-China and pro-democracy protests last year prompted stores to close and mainland tour groups to cancel bookings. Meanwhile, a slowing Chinese economy and President Xi Jinping's anti-corruption and austerity campaigns have also made the Chinese more wary of buying pricey cognac and Gucci bags in the city.
While still the biggest outbound destination for Chinese tour groups, Hong Kong is in danger of losing its lead. Mainland Chinese travellers to Hong Kong last year grew by the slowest pace since 2009, Bloomberg Intelligence data show.
With fewer mainland Chinese staying overnight, average daily rates at Hong Kong's hotels fell for a ninth straight month through June. The Pearl of the Orient also faces rising competition from regional rivals such as Thailand and South Korea, and mainland alternatives including Shenzhen and Shanghai.
In addition, China slashed tariffs on products such as face creams and imported sneakers from June 1, reducing Hong Kong's draw as a cheaper shopping destination.
The effect on Hong Kong's retailers has been immediate and painful. Retail sales fell in four of the five months through May, with jewellery, watches and other high-end gifts the worst hit.
Burberry Group Plc, whose stores in Hong Kong's Causeway Bay and Tsim Sha Tsui shopping districts sell HK$18,500 ($2,400) handbags and HK$24,000 dresses, has said it may try and lower its rent bill to offset a worsening slump in Hong Kong, while Emperor Watch & Jewellery Ltd., which sells Cartier and Montblanc watches, said it may shut one or two of its Hong Kong stores when their leases end this year.
And the news out of China doesn't inspire much confidence. French distiller Remy Cointreau SA reported first-quarter sales that missed analyst estimates as Chinese wholesalers continued to hold back on cognac orders. Prada SpA also reported first- quarter profit that trailed analyst estimates on slumping sales in China, while foreign carmakers including Audi have stepped up discounts to woo buyers.
So there's no relief in sight for Hong Kong. The tourism board forecasts overall visitor arrival growth to slow to 6.4 percent in 2015 from 12 percent last year, with mainland Chinese tourist arrivals expected to drop by half to 8 percent. Hong Kong's economy expanded 2.1 percent in the first quarter from a year earlier, weaker than a revised 2.4 percent expansion in October through December.
"We're just too exposed to China,'' said Silvia Liu, a Hong-Kong based economist at UBS AG. "Structurally, until the tourism sector consolidates and Hong Kong finds new growth engines, I don't see the way out yet."
By Lisa Pham, Penny Peng, Sharon Chen; editors: Rina Chandran, Daryl Loo.