NEW YORK, United States — Retail sales climbed in September by the most in three months, showing American shoppers began to spend freely again after shying away from merchants earlier in the quarter.
The 0.6 percent advance followed a revised 0.2 percent decline in August, Commerce Department figures showed Friday. So-called core sales, used to calculate gross domestic product, rose a smaller-than-projected 0.1 percent.
Years of increased hiring and a slow acceleration in worker pay have laid a foundation for steady household spending. While third-quarter purchases will probably fall short of the vigorous pace from April through June, the broad-based pickup across the retail spectrum shows household demand may be gathering pace.
“The fundamentals look pretty solid for the consumer,” David Sloan, senior economist at 4CAST-RGE in New York. “Income growth is still reasonable, sentiment is pretty healthy. Consumer spending is looking OK for the third quarter.”
The median forecast for retail sales in a survey of 77 economists was a 0.6 percent increase. Estimates ranged from gains of 0.2 percent to 1 percent. August was revised from an initially reported 0.3 percent decline.
The small gain in September retail control group sales, the figure that’s used to calculate gross domestic product and which excludes such categories as autos, gasoline stations and building materials, was weaker than the 0.4 percent median forecast and followed declines in the previous two months.
Ten of 13 major retail categories showed gains in September. Motor vehicle dealers, furniture stores, restaurants and building supply outlets were among those showing solid increases.
Receipts at eating and drinking establishments increased 0.8 percent last month, the biggest advance since February.
Sales at car dealers climbed 1.1 percent, in line with industry data. Purchases of cars and light trucks jumped to a 17.65 million annualised rate in September, the second-strongest since November, according to Ward’s Automotive Group figures.
Gasoline service stations registered a 2.4 percent pickup in receipts last month, the Commerce Department figures showed. The cost of gasoline averaged $2.20 a gasoline in September, up from $2.16 in August, according to figures from motoring group AAA.
Sales at miscellaneous retail establishments jumped 1.8 percent in September. Demand was probably helped by the release of Apple Inc.’s iPhone 7, with T-Mobile US Inc. and Sprint Corp. reporting last month that pre-orders were almost four times as great as for previous models.
The latest figures on consumer demand come as Federal Reserve policy makers continue to examine data on the economy’s progress and whether it’s strong enough to warrant an increase in interest rates.
Minutes of Fed officials’ September meeting showed several central bankers said a rate hike was needed “relatively soon.”
The Atlanta Fed’s GDPNow tracking model for the third quarter is at 2.1 percent. The economy expanded at a 1.4 percent pace in the second quarter, driven solely by a 4.3 percent jump in household spending that was the biggest since the end of 2014.
By Michelle Jamrisko; editors: Scott Lanman and Vince Golle.