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Haiti Earthquake Delivers Another Blow to Budding Manufacturing Hub

The apparel industry is Haiti's largest formal employer. Industrial Revolution II

A 7.2 magnitude earthquake that has killed at least 2,200 people in Haiti is the latest in a series of blows that threaten the country’s apparel and footwear manufacturers.

According to the International Finance Corporation, the apparel industry is Haiti’s largest formal employer, providing jobs for over 55,000 Haitians and supporting more than 450,000 people.

Haiti is the 14th largest supplier of apparel imports into the US market, representing 1.36 percent of imports in the category. The American Apparel & Footwear Association (AAFA) said Haiti had been seeing consistent year-over-year growth in exports, despite the pandemic.

In addition to the effects of the pandemic, with cancelled orders and factory shutdowns, just last month, Haiti’s President, Jovenel Moise, was assassinated at his residence by a group of foreign mercenaries, furthering tensions in a nation already ridden with growing political unrest.

Beth Hughes, AAFA’s vice president of trade and customs policy, said Haiti could “count on the apparel and footwear industry for support during this difficult time.”

“Haiti has been – and will continue to be – an important partner to our industry,” she added.

Haitian designer, Nasrin Jean-Baptiste, says that countries like hers need the business that being a reliable manufacturing hub for fashion brands brings, but she worries reliability will become increasingly difficult.

“[Amidst this] political, environmental and social-economic landscape, how [will] Haiti continue to manufacture under such instability,” she said.

Learn more:

The Risky Business of Emerging Manufacturing Hubs

The pandemic is not the only cause of disruption to global supply chains. From Myanmar to Ethiopia, civil unrest and political conflict are impacting suppliers used by brands like H&M and Benetton.

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