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LVMH and Hermès End War

A long and bitter battle that has gripped the luxury goods industry and pitted two of France's richest families against each other came to an unexpected end on Wednesday when LVMH and Hermès agreed to a truce.
Hermès Ostrich Birkin | Source: Flickr
By
  • Reuters

PARIS, France — A long and bitter battle that has gripped the luxury goods industry and pitted two of France's richest families against each other came to an unexpected end on Wednesday when LVMH and Hermès agreed to a truce.

Under the deal, LVMH - the world's No. 1 luxury group, controlled by billionaire Bernard Arnault - agreed to relinquish most of its 23.2 percent stake in Hermès and not to acquire any shares in its smaller rival for the next five years.

It effectively buried the possibility LVMH could make a full takeover bid for the 177-year-old maker of Birkin and Kelly handbags. Such a prospect has boosted Hermès's stock, which has been trading at a price-to-earnings ratios of about 30 times in recent years, a 70 percent premium to the industry average.

Shares in Hermès fell nearly 10 percent to 236.5 euros in early trading on Wednesday, wiping out 2.8 billion euros ($3.7 billion) off its market value - equal to around 350,000 Birkin handbags based on an average price of 8,000 euros.

"The speculative premium has disappeared," said Barclays France director Franklin Pichard.

The deal, under which LVMH agreed to redistribute its stake in Hermès to its shareholders, ends four years of legal warfare between the luxury titans, dubbed the "handbag war" by the press.

In 2010, LVMH revealed it had built up a 17 percent stake in its rival through a series of equity derivatives instead of straightforward share purchases, which prevented it from having to declaring them.

Hermès - one of France's last major independent luxury group, still controlled by its founding Hermès family - vehemently protested at having its arch-rival as its biggest external shareholder.

The French stock market regulator AMF fined LVMH last year for failing to properly disclose the stakebuilding and Hermès launched legal action against LVMH on allegations of insider trading and stock price manipulation.

LVMH fought back with proceedings against Hermes for libel.

The agreement signed on Tuesday night ended all legal proceedings between the two groups, they said in a joint statement issued on Wednesday.

DIVORCE

LVMH, which began building up its stake in Hermès in 2007 and 2008, could made a capital gain on its holding of around 3 billion euros, analysts estimated.

"This clears up the situation and it is one of the few divorces in which both the partners are winners," said Mario Ortelli, luxury goods analyst at Bernstein.

JP Morgan Cazenove said in a note: "LVMH has found an elegant way out of what was a deadlock."

The deal marks the first time Arnault - whose LVMH has gobbled up more than 60 brands in the past two decades, including sizeable ones such as Roman jeweler Bulgari - has abandoned the pursuit of a prized target.

It was first proposed by Franck Gentin, head of Paris commercial court, in July and details were finalised rapidly over the past week, sources close to the two groups said.

Traders had long speculated LVMH was planning a full takeover bid even though the Hermès family created a shield in 2011 in the form of a holding company with 50.2 percent of its shareholder capital. The entity received first right of refusal on shares representing another 12.6 percent of capital and tied up many of its shareholders for two decades.

Analysts said the deal would allow for a re-rating of LVMH shares, flat since Jan. 1, and up 3 percent on Wednesday.

LVMH stock has under-performed the luxury goods industry in the past 18 months over concerns about declining cognac sales in China and slower sales growth at its main profit generator Louis Vuitton.

Analysts also noted that LVMH would lose dividends from Hermès which represented around 1.5 percent of its group earnings per share.

The distribution of Hermès shares will be completed no later than Dec. 20, 2014, the joint statement said.

By Andy Callus, Pascale Denis, Alexandre Boksenbaum-Granier, Blaise Robinson; editor: Pravin Char.

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