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A $245 Billion Selloff Signals Less Sparkly Future for Luxury Stocks

Louis Vuitton's Paris headquarters could be transformed into a hotel.
Louis Vuitton's Paris headquarters could be transformed into a hotel. (Shutterstock)

The wealthy shoppers who fuelled LVMH’s rise to Europe’s most valuable company and made its founder the world’s richest man are showing signs of fatigue.

Disappointing sales figures from the owner of Louis Vuitton and Christian Dior sent a shudder through a luxury industry that had grown accustomed to stellar growth at the world’s biggest purveyor of high-end consumer goods.

LVMH Moet Hennessy Louis Vuitton SE suffered its biggest intraday share decline in almost two years on Wednesday, falling as much as 8.5 percent and briefly wiping out its once-hefty gains for the year. Smaller rivals such as Richemont, Gucci owner Kering SA and Hermes International were dragged down with it.

Signs of a softening performance for luxury goods aren’t new. The industry had already lost luster as China’s recovery sputtered and demand from US consumers cooled. Yet LVMH’s good-but-not-great sales figures accelerated a selloff that has wiped some $245 billion from the market value of Europe’s seven largest luxury companies since April.

“I used to say that I liked LVMH because they typically do better than expected, but it’s the first time in a while that they disappointed,” said senior portfolio manager Bruno Vacossin at Palatine Asset Management. “Overall, this shows that the sector is not immune to a slowdown.”

LVMH ceded its position as Europe’s most valuable company to Danish drugmaker Novo Nordisk A/S last month, and its founder and chief executive officer, Bernard Arnault, earlier this year fell to second place on the Bloomberg Billionaires Index behind Elon Musk.

Organic revenue at LVMH’s biggest unit, fashion and leather goods, rose 9 percent in the third quarter. While hardly a collapse in demand, the growth was below analysts’ estimates and half the pace of the first six months.

The results poured cold water on any hopes for a strong demand recovery, notably in China, and showed that weakness had spread. Revenue growth in Asia excluding Japan slowed to 11 percent from 34 percent in the previous quarter. Europe’s growth more than halved.

Sales at the wines and spirits unit tumbled 14 percent, well below expectations, briefly sending shares of Cognac-maker Remy Cointreau spiraling down. LVMH owns Champagne labels such as Dom Perignon and Hennessy Cognac, which has seen US demand slide amid a pushback against price hikes there.

“After three roaring years and outstanding years, growth is converging toward numbers that are more in line with the historical average,” LVMH Chief Financial Officer Jean-Jacques Guiony said during the quarterly presentation.

Guiony also warned investors not to expect that its second-biggest fashion brand, Christian Dior, will continue to see the 30 percent annual growth rates of the past few years.

LVMH now trades at a discount to the tech-heavy Nasdaq 100 Index in the US, after trading at a premium to technology companies for most of the last decade — calling into question the premise that high-flying luxury stocks were Europe’s answer to the US’s technology dominance.

Hermes and Kering will follow LVMH with sales figures later this month. Hermes has historically been resilient to economic turbulence because demand for its Birkin and Kelly bags outstrips supply, creating a backlog of orders. The stock is still up more than 20 percent this year.

Kering has been struggling through a transition following recent management changes, and with a new creative director at Gucci — its biggest brand — whose creations won’t hit store shelves until February. That stock is down about 10 percent this year.

By Angelina Rascouet, Michael Msika and Julien Ponthus

Learn more:

LVMH Sales Growth Slows as Global Luxury Demand Cools

Organic revenue at the French group’s crucial fashion and leather goods unit rose 9 percent, missing analyst expectations.

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